音频

中英双语


You might have seen this symbol before, whether it’s as a temporary tattoo or at a Chinese temple.

你们或许以前见过这个符号,无论它作为临时纹身还是在中国寺庙里,


It’s called the yin-yang symbol.

被叫做阴阳符号。


It comes from Taoism, a religion born in China and it has far more meaning than you probably realize.

它来自道教,一个诞生于中国的宗教,比你可能意识到的意义更深远。


The yin is the dark swirl, and the yang is the light one, and each side has a dot of the opposite color, which gives a clue to the meaning of yin and yang.

阴是黑色漩涡,阳是白色漩涡,每一边有一个相反色的点,给出了阴阳含义的线索。


Everything contains the seed of its opposite.

任何事情包含其对立面的种子。


Darth Vadar has the seed of goodness, and Luke has the potential to follow his father to the dark side.

黑武士有善良的一面,而路加也带有追随其父亲阴暗面的潜在可能。


Like Luke and his father, yin and yang are not total opposites, they are relative to each other.

就像路加和其父一样,阴阳不是完全对立的,它们彼此是相对的。


Taoists believe that the universe is made up of energies, vibrations, and matter, which behave differently in different contexts.

道家认为宇宙是由能量、振动和物质组成的,在不同的情况下表现不同。


Something can be yin or yang depending on, well, depending on lots of things.

事物可以是阴的或阳的取决于,取决于许多事情。


So, while wheat that’s growing is yang, when it’s being reaped, it’s yin.

因此,小麦生长是阳,收割小麦是阴。


A wave’s crest is yang, and the trough is yin.

波峰是阳,波谷是阴。


Villages on the sunny side of a valley in China have names like Liuyang or Shiyang, but on the shady side, for example, of the Yangtze River Valley, there’s Jiangyin.

在中国的山谷向阳面的村落名字叫浏阳或石羊,但例如,在长江流域的背阴面,有江阴。


The brake is yin to the gas pedal’s yang.

刹车相对油门踏板这个阳来说就是阴。


An eggshell is yang, the egg inside is yin.

蛋壳是阳,里面的卵就是阴。


You think you’re getting it?

你认为你明白了吗?


Yang is harder, stronger, brighter, and faster, but one can turn into the other or are two sides of the same coin.

阳更硬、更强、更亮、更快,但一方可以转变成另一方就像同一枚硬币的两个面。


The sunbeams are yang in comparison to the shadows.

阳光与阴影相比是阳。


The pitch is yang, the catch is yin.

投球是阳,接球是阴。


The yang starts an action, and the yin receives it, completes it.

阳开始这个动作,而阴接受这个动作,并完成它。


Yin is the inside space of a cup; it wouldn’t be a cup without it.

阴是一个杯子的内部空间;没有内部空间就成不了杯子。


Yang is the cup.

阳是杯子。


The coffee’s heat, however, is yang, and its blackness is yin.

然而,咖啡的热量是阳,咖啡的黑色是阴。


Yang goes berserk sometimes, but there’s some very powerful yins, too, if they don’t quite go berserk.

阳有时是发狂的,但也有一些非常强大的阴,前提是如果阳不发狂。


Yin is the darker swirl, the female, but there is a white dot in it.

阴是较暗的漩涡,是女性,但里面有一个白点。


And yang is the lighter, the male, but it has a black dot.

阳是较亮的漩涡,男性,但有一个黑点。


Water flowing calmly in a river is yin, but when it goes over the waterfall, it’s very yang.

在河里温和流动着的水是阴,但当水流过瀑布时,它就非常“阳”。


Toothpicks are yin compared with a telephone pole.

和一根电线杆相比,牙签是阴。


The back of a person is more yang than the front.

人的后背比前胸代表的阴更多。


The top of a person is the yang end.

人的顶部是阳性的一端。


Taoism teaches that there is a power in the universe.

道教说在宇宙中存在一种能量。


It’s higher, deeper, and truer than any other force.

它比任何其它的力更高、更深、更真实。


They call it the Tao.

他们称之为“道”。


It means the way.

“道”的含义是方式、方法。


Like the Force in Star Wars, the Tao has two sides.

就像星球大战中的力量,“道”具有两面性。


Unlike other religions where the higher power is all good, and perhaps has an all-evil rival, Taoism teaches that we need to learn from both yin and yang.

不像其它的宗教权力更大的都好,而或许有一个非常邪恶的对手,道教教导我们需要同时学习阴和阳。


And unlike religions with gods that are personal, the higher power in Taoism is not.

而不像有神的宗教是个人的,道教中权力较大的却不是这样。


Taoists believe that living in harmony with the way, a person will not have to fight against the universe’s natural flow.

道家认为与道和平共处,人将不必与宇宙大自然的“气”相对抗。


So, for example, listen more, argue less.

那么,比方说,多听,少争论。


Be ready to back up or undo something, and you will make even faster progress.

备份好需要复原的东西,你就会取得更快的进步。


Don’t worry about being the best, be who you are.

不要担心做不了最好,做你自己就行。


Live simply.

生活简单点。


Complications take you away from the Tao.

杂念会使你偏离“道”。


“The wise person is flexible,” Taoists say.

道家说:“智者柔”


Learning to use the Tao is what Taoism is all about, and that’s why you should know your yin from your yang.

学习使用“道”是道教的一切内容,这就是你应该知道你的阴和阳。